The Ajanta Caves are one of the oldest UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. The carvings and paintings at Ajanta date back to the beginning of the era of classical Indian art. Th Ajanta caves along with the ones ta Ellora are some of the most beautiful caves in India. These caves are some of the most mesmerizing ones in the country, especially with paintings that take us back in time all the way between the 2nd century BC and 6th century AD. The caves are now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. The caves of Ajanta are home to some of the most magnificent masterpieces of Indian art. Located in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, the Ajanta caves are one of the places history and and culture enthusiasts will enjoy an excursion to.
Ajanta Ellora both caves are situated in the middle of Sahyadri lands. Not much far from Aurangabad in the state of Maharashtra, these Ajanta and Ellora Caves are visited by every person and tourists coming first time to India. Thus, this Ajanta Ellora Caves are also known as the biggest spot for those heritage seekers from the entire world. According to rituals, most of the crafting and architectural designs of these Ajanta Ellora Caves refer to various religions like Hindu and Jainism but major part for Ajanta and Ellora Caves describes the traditional view of Buddhism and life journey of Lord Gautam Buddha. As these both Ajanta and Ellora Caves are different; thus, both are located in different locations. Ellora Caves are located just thirty kilometers form the city called Aureangabad. These Ellora Caves are the most treasured architectural heritage monuments of our country. Consisting of 34 caves in it, these Ellora Caves are the largest traditional ones which define three various religions in it. Mostly Jainism and Hinduism are included in it but, the major one on which these Ellora Caves are based upon is the Buddhism.
Ajanta caves lie deep in the semi-arid Sahayadri hills, above the Waghora River. Discovered only in the 19th century and since then brought to the world’s light, Ajanta caves have panels depicting tales from the Jatakas, a rich collection of stories dealing with several reincarnations of the Budhha. Numbering as many as 29 caves, Ajanta caves were built as secluded retreats of the Buddhist monks. These monks taught and performed rituals in the Chaityas and Viharas.
With 34 caves devoted to Buddhist, Jain and Hindu faiths, Ellora Caves have an amazing wealth of sculpture. About 30 kms northwest of Aurangabad, Ellora caves are caved into the sides of a basaltic hill. As the finest specimens of cave temples, Ellora caves have elaborate facades and intricately aesthetic interiors to hypnotize your sensibilities. Carved during the 350AD to 700AD period, Ellora caves have 12 caves to the south that are Buddhist, the 17 in the centre dedicated to Hinduism, and the 5 caves to the north are Jain.
Buddhist monks spent a significant amount of time at the Ajanta caves during the monsoons as they were forbidden from travelling during that particular period of the year. This was the time when the monks put their creativity and time to use and painted the walls of the caves
Apart from the stunning paintings and sculptures, there were also huge Buddhist mounds like stupas built, massive pillars intricately detailed carvings on the ceilings and walls made big news, giving the Ajanta caves the status of a heritage site.During the first phase of construction, the sanctuaries known as the Chaitya-grihas were built in the canyons of the Waghora River. Caves 9, 10, 12 and 15 A were built in the first phase during the Satavahana dynasty.